Image: darkness brought to you by the opponents of net neutrality.
Today the U.S. Federal Communications Commission repealed net neutrality: http://www.cnn.com/2017/12/14/politics/net-neutrality-latest/index.html .
An editorial in The Guardian on December 13, 2017 explains the situation:
“Net neutrality is a rule against censorship and manipulation. It means that if you are a broadband provider, like AT&T, Verizon or Google Fiber, you cannot discriminate in favor of or against any of your customers. You aren’t allowed to carry the content or data of one website or video provider at one price and the content or data of another website or video provider at a different price. You can’t censor, throttle, or slow the carrying of data for any but technical reasons.
“With net neutrality in place, whether you are a newspaper, a blogger discussing sexual assault, a video provider, or someone filming a public official at a town hall, Verizon or AT&T can’t slow or block your ability to put your content online and speak. Without it, they effectively can.”
Excerpt from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/dec/13/net-neutrality-corporate-power-monopolies-ajit-pai . Click on the link to learn more.
More here: http://www.businessinsider.com/fcc-to-vote-on-net-neutrality-repeal-2017-12 .
And more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/12/13/opinions/importance-net-neutrality-opinion-baker/index.html .
Image: Library of Congress photograph.
Although not a southern California story, President Franklin Roosevelt laid the cornerstone for the edifice on this day in 1939. He is shown at the center of the photo above.
The story of the memorial is complicated. Read about it at http://www.dchistory.com/jefferson-memorial-history.html .
Miss California, Marguerite Skliris (far left), poses with other entrants and Miss America at the center. She was third runner-up in the Miss America 1939 competition.
“Patricia Mary Donnelly, Miss Michigan, became the first woman of her state to win the [Miss America] title. The pageant was staged on the world famous Steel Pier [Atlantic City, New Jersey] for the last time.”
Excerpt and image from http://missamerica.org/our-history/ .
A different woman, Janet Mantell of Culver City, was named Miss California in this 1939 newspaper article. There may have been more than one beauty pageant using the title.
Chicago Tribune article and photo from http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1939/08/16/page/15/article/culver-city-girl-chosen-miss-california-of-1939 .
Image: Los Angeles Times photo from http://framework.latimes.com/2011/09/02/labor-day-parade/ .
“Sep. 4, 1939: A majorette leads one of the 20 bands in the annual Labor Day parade in downtown Los Angeles – a tradition going back to 1908.
“An article in the next morning’s Los Angeles Times reported:
Out of the ships and factories, stores and offices, organized labor came together yesterday, thousands strong, to march in industry’s and business’ vast peace army. They were celebrating Labor Day, the day of days to the union men.
American Federation of Labor unions put on a two-hour parade over a downtown Los Angeles mile-and-a-half course and Grand Marshal Ralph McMullen estimated that several score thousands of men and women marched, 6 to 12 abreast, in front of the reviewing stand on the City Hall steps. An untold number of thousands lined downtown Broadway to see the spectacle.”
Excerpt from image link above.
“…in October 1939, the federal minimum wage was raised from 25 cents per hour to 30 cents per hour.”1 However, it appears that the California minimum wage from 1920 through 1943 was 33 cents per hour.2
With inflation, that 33 cents per hour wage would equate to $5.79 per hour in 2017.
1 Excerpt from http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1237&context=key_workplace .
2 From http://www.wage-claims.com/faq/minimum-wage-claims/california-and-federal-minimum-wage-history/ .
From http://www.cpiinflationcalculator.com?y1=1939&y2=2017&i=0.33 .
In support of net neutrality, there is no regular content on this blog today.
“Airbnb, Spotify, and Dropbox are the latest major players to announce their participation in the Internet-Wide Day of Action to Save Net Neutrality scheduled for July 12th to oppose the FCC’s plan to slash Title II, the legal foundation for net neutrality rules that protect online free speech and innovation. Twitter, Reddit, Netflix, Amazon, Facebook, Google, Kickstarter, Etsy, Vimeo, Private Internet Access, Mozilla, OK Cupid, Imgur, PornHub, Medium, and hundreds of other major sites are also participating. ”
Excerpt from https://www.fightforthefuture.org/news/2017-07-10-largest-websites-on-earth-prepare-for-net/ .
Image: photo source and date are unknown; print is marked “L.A.”; the license plate on a parked car appears to be from 1938.
“Floyd Roberts was born in South Dakota but lived nearly all of his life in California. While he lived in Van Nuys, most of his racing was done in Glendale. He raced for
“In 1938, Roberts won the Pole Position [at the Indy 500] with an average speed of 125.506 mph. He led 92 laps to win the 26th Indy 500…
“[In the 1939 race] driving well, but not all-out, he was following Robert Swanson… When Swanson skidded coming out of the 2nd turn on the backstretch, Roberts swerved to the outside of the track to miss him; but Sawnson’s car shot toward the outer wall, momentarily locking wheels with Roberts’ car. [Roberts’ car] cartwheeled over the outside retaining wall and crashed at the foot of the embankment at the Speedway golf course… Roberts had a broken neck – the first 500 winner to die on the track. He never regained consciousness and died in the early afternoon at Methodist Hospital.”
Excerpts and image from http://indymotorspeedway.com/memorial_1939.html .