Image: cropped from Los Angeles Times file photo http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/thedailymirror/2009/05/union-station-opens-may-4-1939.html .
“The Moorish-designed La Grande Station, located at 2nd Street and Santa Fe Ave., opened on July 29, 1893, and was the main terminal for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railways for over 40 years.
“However, the Long Beach earthquake of 1933 badly damaged it, resulting in the terminal building’s temporary closure and the eventual removal of the dome.”
Excerpt from https://bizarrela.com/2016/10/la-grande-station/ .
The depot continued in use until May 1939 when it was closed when the railroad moved to the newly built Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal on Alameda Street.
The Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal opened on May 3. It was the last of the large multi-railroad depots built.
“In a city full of instantly recognizable architecture, it stands out as an iconic symbol of Los Angeles.
“Over 500,000 people turned out for the Opening Day parade. (The city’s 1940 census population was just over 1,500,000).
“A 6,000 seat ampitheatre was set up to stage “Romance Of The Rails,” an elaborate production depicting the history of Southern California and its development through transportation.”
Excerpts from http://metroprimaryresources.info/72-years-ago-today-union-station-is-born-the-story-and-photos-from-the-citywide-fight-over-a-central-terminal-public-transit-plan/1169/ . Learn more at the link.
Below are pages from an advance letter requesting floats from area counties to be in the parade on opening day.
For a complete history of the depot, read The Last of the Great Stations by Bill Bradley.
Here is a postal cover issued for the grand opening:
Union Pacific railroad travel brochure.
“This lead unit of the four-unit EMD-103 demonstrator locomotive became the prototype of the first mass-produced diesel-electric locomotives used for freight service in the United States. They rapidly replaced the steam locomotive. Called ‘the train that did it’ in a February 1960 edition of Trains magazine, it was a revolutionary step for the rail industry.”
Excerpt from https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/78-electro-motive-ft-freight-service-diesel .
This 4-unit set was tested on various railroads, including the Santa Fe in southern California, beginning in 1939.
For a full history, see http://trn.trains.com/railroads/railroad-maps/2016/08/1939s-big-breakthrough-the-ft .
Diesel-electric (diesel engine spinning a generator that powered electric motors on the axles) locomotives were successfully used in U.S. passenger rail service earlier in the 1930s.
A LARy car on Olympic Blvd. approaches Harvard in Los Angeles. The traffic signal is an older style with “STOP” and “GO” semaphore arms.
A weekly pass cost $1.25 in 1939.
To learn more about the Los Angeles Railway, go to: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Railway Scroll down on the page for additional links.
Celebrating its 100th anniversary, REA issued postcards showing the transition from horse-drawn coaches to airplanes. The bulk of their shipping was done by rail, usually in their own express cars coupled to passenger trains. REA was formed in World War I when the U.S. government consolidated seven shipping companies (one of which dated back to 1839). Later it became a private multi-railroad-owned operation. Flanking the postcard above are two 1939 shipping labels.
Express offices were at virtually every railroad depot in the U.S. REA maintained a fleet of trucks for delivery and pickup of larger items.
For more information, go to http://www.wow.com/wiki/Railway_Express_Agency
photo attributed to Peter Stackpole
People at the Santa Fe depot in Pasadena. The railroad car in the background is a Lightweight Delux Chair Car built in 1938 for the Golden Gate train that ran between Los Angeles and San Francisco.